A

Arteries- blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Anus-The opening at the lower end of the rectum through which solid waste is eliminated.
Axial-Pertaining to or situated on the axis of a body structure or part.

B

Brain-that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
Bodily Waste- anything in the body unused, unproductive, or not properly utilized.
Bolus-Your chewed up food.
BACTERIAL- Something that attacks your immune system to make you sick.

C

Carbon Dioxide-a colorless, odorless, incombustible gas, CO2, present in the atmosphere and formed during respiration.
Consume-to eat or drink up; devour.
Creutzfeldt Jakob disease-a very rare and incurable brain disease that is ultimately fatal
Carbohydrates-one of the three main classes of food and a source of energy. Carbohydrates are the sugars and starches found in breads, cereals, and fruits.
Colon-The long, coiled, tube-like organ that removes water from digested food. The colon separates nutrients and waste from food and stores the latter until it can be passed from the body.

D

Dehydration- the loss of too much body fluid.
Deep Tissues- The tissue deep in your muscles

E

Esophagus-A pipe in your body about 10 inches it moves food from the back of your throat to your stomach.
Epiglottis-A thin flap that covers the windpipe.

F



G

Grinding- to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing.
Gallbladder-The gallbladder stores bile which is secreted by the liver and releases bile into the small intestine through the common bile duct.

H

Hormones- A chemical substance that is formed in one part of the body, travels through the blood, and affects that function of cells elsewhere in the body.

I

Infectious- caused by infection or capable of causing infection

J



K

Kidneys- Two bean-shaped organs located under the ribs toward thew middle of the back
Kidney- A bean shaped organ just about 10 centimeters long

L

Lobules- A small lobe\
Lungs- The lungs are a pair of breathing organs within the chest which get rid of carbon dioxide and bring oxygen to the blood; there are two lungs
Liver- The liver cleanses the blood and aids in digestion by secreting bile.

M

Marrow-the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones
Muscle Fibers- Cells found in skeletal muscles; made up of myofibrils. One of the four major groups of vertebrate cell/tissue types.
Minerals- chemicals the body needs in small amounts to produce blood, use nutrients and build bones and teeth
MICROORGANISM- An organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size, especially a bacterium or protozoan.

N

Nutrients- Nourishing substances found in food that keeps the body healthy.

O

Ovum-egg(as in the reproductive system)

P

Precipitation- formation of a solid in a solution during a chemical reaction.
Paralysis- complete loss of muscle function for one or more muscle groups.
Parkinson's disease-a disorder of the central nervous system that often impairs the sufferer's motor skills and speech.
PARASITIC relating to or caused by parasites; "parasitic infection"
Pancreas- is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine system of vertebrates.
Protein-Proteins are large molecules required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's cells, tissues, and organs.

Q



R

Rectum- it is the last seven inches of the large intestine. It ends at the anus
Receptors- A specialized cell or group of nerve endings that responds to sensory stimuli.

S

Saliva-Clear liquid, made in your mouth 24 hours a day, it's made to digest food. Also called "spit".
Seizures- Involuntary changes in body movement or function, awareness, or behavior.
Stroke- Rapid loss of brain functions due to a disturbance in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain.
Striated muscle-a form of fibers that is separated into parallel fibers
Sweat Gland- a skin gland that secretes a watery substance for evaporative cooling

T

Trachea -The windpipe or passage for the entrance of air to the lungs.


U

Urethra- The tube that urine drains out of from the bladder through the prostate and out the penis
Urinary Bladder- a sack in the pelvic cavity that holds your pee

V

Vitamin-A key nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to grow and stay strong.
Veins-blood vessels carrying blood toward the heart.

W

Water Vapor-a dispersion, in air, of molecules of water
Windpipe- Airway that leads to the lungs.
Waterproof- not letting water through

X



Y


Z